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When the Mormons created the State of Deseret in , they laid claim to all of Nevada within the Great Basin and the Colorado watershed. They also founded the first white settlement in what is now Nevada, Mormon Station modern-day Genoa , in In June , William Bringhurst and 29 fellow Mormon missionaries from Utah arrived at a site just northeast of downtown Las Vegas and built a foot square adobe fort, the first permanent structure erected in the valley, which remained under the control of Salt Lake City until the winter of — The new areas acquired by the United States continued to be administered as territories.
As part of the Mexican Cession and the subsequent California Gold Rush that used Emigrant Trails through the area, the state's area evolved first as part of the Utah Territory , then the Nevada Territory March 2, ; named for the Sierra Nevada.
On March 2, , the Nevada Territory separated from the Utah Territory and adopted its current name, shortened from The Sierra Nevada Spanish for "snow-covered mountain range".
The southern boundary is commemorated by Nevada Historical Markers 57 and 58 in Lincoln and Nye counties. Eight days before the presidential election of , Nevada became the 36th state in the union, despite lacking the minimum requisite 60, residents in order to become a state.
Finally, the response from Washington came on October 31, "the pain is over, the child is born, Nevada this day was admitted into the Union".
As it turned out, however, Lincoln and the Republicans won the election handily and did not need Nevada's help. Nevada is one of only two states to significantly expand its borders after admission to the Union.
The other is Missouri, which acquired additional territory in due to the Platte Purchase. In another part of the western Utah Territory was added to Nevada in the eastern part of the state, setting the current eastern boundary.
Nevada achieved its current southern boundaries on January 18, , when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River, essentially all of present-day Nevada south of the 37th parallel.
The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and officials thought Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom.
This area includes most of what is now Clark County and the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years see Silver mining in Nevada.
When Mark Twain lived in Nevada during the period described in Roughing It , mining had led to an industry of speculation and immense wealth.
Both mining and population temporarily declined in the late 19th century. Unregulated gambling was commonplace in the early Nevada mining towns but was outlawed in as part of a nationwide anti-gambling crusade.
Because of subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression , Nevada again legalized gambling on March 19, , with approval from the legislature.
Governor Fred B. Balzar 's signature enacted the most liberal divorce laws in the country and open gambling. The last atmospheric test was conducted on July 17, , and the underground testing of weapons continued until September 23, The location is known for having the highest concentration of nuclear-detonated weapons in the U.
The primary reason for this is homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout desert Nevada.
Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water this pattern of ranching still prevails.
The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Nevada on July 1, , was 3,,, an increase of 45, residents 1.
At the Census , 6. Females made up about Since the census, the population of Nevada had a natural increase of 87, the net difference between , births and , deaths ; and an increase due to net migration of , of which , was due to domestic and 42, was due to international migration.
The center of population of Nevada is in southern Nye County. At the census, the town had 36, residents. From about the s until , Nevada was the fastest-growing state in the U.
More than two-thirds of the population live in Clark County , which is coextensive with the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Thus, in terms of population, Nevada is one of the most centralized states in the nation.
Henderson and North Las Vegas are among the top 20 fastest-growing U. Other desert towns like Indian Springs and Searchlight on the outskirts of Las Vegas have seen some growth as well.
Since , the rate of population born in Nevada has never peaked above 27 percent, the lowest rate of all states. Most new residents in Nevada have moved from California, which has led a few Nevadans to feel their state is being " Californicated ".
According to the American Community Survey , In , non-Hispanic whites made up As of , In Douglas , Mineral , and Pershing counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry.
Asian Americans lived in the state since the California Gold Rush of the s brought thousands of Chinese miners to Washoe county.
They were followed by a few hundred Japanese farmworkers in the late 19th century. Filipino Americans form the largest Asian American group in the state, with a population of more than , They comprise Mining booms drew many Greek and Eastern European immigrants to Nevada.
The top countries of origin for immigrants in Nevada were Mexico Note: Births within the table do not add up, due to Hispanics being counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.
A small percentage of Nevada's population lives in rural areas. The culture of these places differs significantly from major metropolitan areas.
People in these rural counties tend to be native Nevada residents, unlike in the Las Vegas and Reno areas, where the vast majority of the population was born in another state.
The rural population is also less diverse in terms of race and ethnicity. Mining plays an important role in the economies of the rural counties, with tourism being less prominent.
Church attendance in Nevada is among the lowest of all U. Parts of Nevada in the eastern parts of the state are situated in the Mormon Corridor.
The economy of Nevada is tied to tourism especially entertainment and gambling related , mining, and cattle ranching. Nevada's industrial outputs are tourism, entertainment, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment.
The economy of Nevada has long been tied to vice industries. In portions of the state outside of the Las Vegas and Reno metropolitan areas mining plays a major economic role.
By value, gold is by far the most important mineral mined. Despite its rich deposits, the cost of mining in Nevada is generally high, and output is very sensitive to world commodity prices.
Cattle ranching is a major economic activity in rural Nevada. Nevada's agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy products, onions, and potatoes.
As of January 1, , there were an estimated , head of cattle and 70, head of sheep in Nevada. Calves are generally shipped to out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for the market.
The largest employers in the state, as of the first fiscal quarter of , are the following, according to the Nevada Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation: .
Amtrak 's California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, California , serving Elko , Winnemucca , and Reno.
Las Vegas has had no passenger train service since Amtrak's Desert Wind was discontinued in There have been a number of proposals to re-introduce service to either Los Angeles or Southern California.
The Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and south of Nevada. Greyhound Lines provide some bus service to the state.
Interstate 15 I passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities. I and I also serve the Las Vegas metropolitan area.
I crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah in the east and the Truckee River westward through Reno into California.
It has a spur route, I Nevada also is served by several U. There are also Nevada state routes. Many of Nevada's counties have a system of county routes as well, though many are not signed or paved in rural areas.
Nevada is one of a few states in the U. But American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes.
The agency is the largest transit agency in the state and operates a network of bus service across the Las Vegas Valley , including the use of The Deuce , double-decker buses , on the Las Vegas Strip and several outlying routes.
Most other counties in the state do not have public transportation at all. Additionally, a 4-mile 6. Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other, which are typically several blocks in length.
Nevada has had a thriving solar energy sector. However, in December , the Public Utility Commission let the state's only power company, NV Energy, charge higher rates and fees to solar panel users, leading to an immediate collapse of rooftop solar panel use .
In December , Congress amended the Nuclear Waste Policy Act to designate Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository as the only site to be characterized as a permanent repository for all of the nation's highly radioactive waste.
Under the Constitution of the State of Nevada , the powers of the Nevada government are divided among three separate departments : the executive consisting of the governor of Nevada and their cabinet along with the other elected constitutional officers; the legislative consisting of the Nevada Legislature , which includes the Assembly and the Senate ; and the judicial consisting of the Supreme Court of Nevada and lower courts.
The governor is the chief magistrate of Nevada,  the head of the executive department of the state's government,  and the commander-in-chief of the state 's military forces.
The Nevada Legislature is a bicameral body divided into an Assembly and Senate. Members of the Assembly serve two years, and members of the Senate serve four years.
Each session of the legislature meets for a constitutionally mandated days in every odd-numbered year, or longer if the governor calls a special session.
On December 18, , Nevada became the first in the United States with a female majority in its legislature. Women hold nine of the 21 seats in the Nevada Senate, and 23 of the 42 seats in the Nevada Assembly.
Original jurisdiction is divided between the district courts with general jurisdiction , and justice courts and municipal courts both of limited jurisdiction.
Appeals from District Courts are made directly to the Nevada Supreme Court, which under a deflective model of jurisdiction, has the discretion to send cases to the Court of Appeals for final resolution.
Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are given the authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law.
A recent movement has begun to permit home rule to incorporate Nevada cities to give them more flexibility and fewer restrictions from the Legislature.
Town Boards for unincorporated towns are limited local governments created by either the local county commission, or by referendum, and form a purely advisory role and in no way diminish the responsibilities of the county commission that creates them.
In , Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers.
Historian Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:. Nevada, in a burst of ingenuity, built an economy by exploiting its sovereignty.
Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that were illegal in California Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county that decides to allow it.
Quite a few of them do. With the advent of air conditioning for summertime use and Southern Nevada's mild winters, the fortunes of the state began to turn around, as it did for Arizona , making these two states the fastest growing in the Union.
Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact that before the no-fault divorce revolution in the s, divorces were difficult to obtain in the United States.
Already having legalized gambling and prostitution, Nevada continued the trend of boosting its profile by adopting one of the most liberal divorce statutes in the nation.
This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina , U. Supreme Court ruled North Carolina had to give " full faith and credit " to a Nevada divorce.
The Court modified its decision in Williams v. As of , Nevada's divorce rate was above the national average. Nevada's tax laws are intended to draw new residents and businesses to the state.
Nevada has no personal income tax or corporate income tax. The statewide tax rate is 6. Counties may impose additional rates via voter approval or through approval of the state legislature; therefore, the applicable sales tax varies by county from 6.
Clark County, which includes Las Vegas, imposes four separate county option taxes in addition to the statewide rate: 0.
In Washoe County, which includes Reno, the sales tax rate is 7. Corporations such as Apple Inc. In , the Nevada Legislature passed a bill creating a domestic partnership registry which enables gay couples to enjoy the same rights as married couples.
In June , gay marriage became legal in Nevada. Nevada provides a friendly environment for the formation of corporations, and many especially California businesses have incorporated in Nevada to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada statute.
Nevada corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome to business managers in some other states.
In addition, Nevada has no franchise tax , although it does require businesses to have a license for which the business has to pay the state.
Similarly, many U. Nevada has very liberal alcohol laws. Marijuana in all forms remains illegal under federal law. Aside from cannabis legalization, non-alcohol drug laws are a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise libertarian principles.
It is notable for having the harshest penalties for drug offenders in the country. Nevada remains the only state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for possession of drugs.
It outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites.
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Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Starting in , hikers were unable to enter the Area from May 15 through December 15, in order to protect the sheep.
As of , the restriction has been lifted and access to the Area is open for the whole year. The earliest rocks in the Sierra Nevada are metamorphic roof pendants of Paleozoic age, the oldest being metasedimentary rocks from the Cambrian in the Mount Morrison region.
This granite is mostly found east of the crest and north of In the Cretaceous , a subduction zone formed at the edge of the continent. Magma formed through the subduction of the ancient Farallon Plate rose in plumes plutons deep underground, their combined mass forming what is called the Sierra Nevada batholith.
Twenty million years ago, crustal extension associated with the Basin and Range Province caused extensive volcanism in the Sierra.
Rivers started cutting deep canyons on both sides of the range. Lava filled some of these canyons, which have subsequently eroded leaving table mountains that follow the old river channels.
About 2. Glaciers carved out characteristic U-shaped canyons throughout the Sierra. The combination of river and glacier erosion exposed the uppermost portions of the plutons emplaced millions of years before, leaving only a remnant of metamorphic rock on top of some Sierra peaks.
Uplift of the Sierra Nevada continues today, especially along its eastern side. This uplift causes large earthquakes, such as the Lone Pine earthquake of The climate of the Sierra Nevada is influenced by the Mediterranean climate of California.
Most parts of the range east of the crest are in a rain shadow , and receive less than 25 inches of precipitation per year. Some of these summer thunderstorms drop over an inch of rain in a short period, and the lightning can start fires.
Winters are comparatively mild, and the temperature is usually only just low enough to sustain a heavy snowpack. The Sierra Nevada snowpack is the major source of water and a significant source of electric power generation in California.
However, the Sierra casts a rain shadow , which greatly affects the climate and ecology of the central Great Basin. This rain shadow is largely responsible for Nevada being the driest state in the United States.
Precipitation varies substantially from year to year. It is not uncommon for some years to receive precipitation totals far above or below normal.
The height of the range and the steepness of the Sierra Escarpment, particularly at the southern end of the range, produces a wind phenomenon known as the "Sierra Rotor".
This is a horizontal rotation of the atmosphere just east of the crest of the Sierra, set in motion as an effect of strong westerly winds.
Because of the large number of airplanes that have crashed in the Sierra Nevada, primarily due to the complex weather and atmospheric conditions such as downdrafts and microbursts caused by geography there, a portion of the area, a triangle whose vertices are Reno, Nevada ; Fresno, California ; and Las Vegas, Nevada , has been dubbed the "Nevada Triangle", in reference to the Bermuda Triangle.
Some counts put the number of crashes in the triangle at 2,,  including millionaire and record-breaking flyer Steve Fossett.
Hypotheses that the crashes are related in some way to the United States Air Force 's Area 51 , or to the activities of extra-terrestrial aliens , have no evidence to support them.
The Sierra Nevada is divided into a number of biotic zones , each of which is defined by its climate and supports a number of interdependent species.
The rain shadow of the Sierra causes the eastern slope to be warmer and drier: each life zone is higher in the east.
The earliest identified sustaining indigenous people in the Sierra Nevada were the Northern Paiute tribes on the east side, with the Mono tribe and Sierra Miwok tribe on the western side, and the Kawaiisu and Tübatulabal tribes in the southern Sierra.
Today, some historic intertribal trade route trails over mountain passes are known artifact locations, such as Duck Pass with its obsidian arrowheads.
The California and Sierra Native American tribes were predominantly peaceful, with occasional territorial disputes between the Paiute and Sierra Miwok tribes in the mountains.
American exploration of the mountain range started in Although prior to the s there were Spanish missions , pueblos towns , presidios forts , and ranchos along the coast of California, no Spanish explorers visited the Sierra Nevada.
In , a subgroup of the Bonneville Expedition led by Joseph Reddeford Walker was sent westward to find an overland route to California. Eventually the party discovered a route along the Humboldt River across present-day Nevada , ascending the Sierra Nevada, starting near present-day Bridgeport and descending between the Tuolumne and Merced River drainage.
The group may have been the first non-indigenous people to see Yosemite Valley. In the winter of , Lt. John C. Marshall, a foreman working for Sacramento pioneer John Sutter , found shiny metal in the tailrace of a lumber mill Marshall was building for Sutter on the American River.
Brannan strode through the streets of San Francisco, holding aloft a vial of gold, shouting "Gold! Gold from the American River! On August 19, , the New York Herald was the first major newspaper on the East Coast to report the discovery of gold.
Miners lived in tents, wood shanties, or deck cabins removed from abandoned ships. Because the gold in the California gravel beds was so richly concentrated, the early forty-niners simply panned for gold in California's rivers and streams.
Groups of prospectors would divert the water from an entire river into a sluice alongside the river, and then dig for gold in the newly exposed river bottom.
By , most of the easily accessible gold had been collected, and attention turned to extracting gold from more difficult locations.
Hydraulic mining was used on ancient gold-bearing gravel beds on hillsides and bluffs in the gold fields. It is estimated that by , at least , gold-seekers, merchants, and other immigrants had arrived in California from around the world.
To protect their homes and livelihood, some Native Americans responded by attacking the miners, provoking counter-attacks on native villages.
The Native Americans, out-gunned, were often slaughtered. The Gold Rush populated the western foothills of the Sierra Nevada, but even by , most of the Sierra was unexplored.
Josiah Whitney was appointed to head the survey. Men of the survey, including William H. Brewer , Charles F. Hoffmann and Clarence King , explored the backcountry of what would become Yosemite National Park in In , John Muir started his wanderings in the Sierra Nevada range,  and in , King was the first to climb Mount Langley , mistakenly believing he had summited Mount Whitney , the highest peak in the range.
Other people finished exploring and mapping the Sierra. Bolton Coit Brown explored the Kings River watershed in — Joseph N.
James S. Hutchinson , a noted mountaineer, climbed the Palisades and Mount Humphreys News Wissen Mystery.
Mystery: Ist das Nevada-Dreieck gefährlich für Flugzeuge? Kommentare Aktualisiert am August , Uhr.
Bildergalerie starten. Kostenlos registrieren. News Alle Themen von A-Z. Wissen Geschichte. In eigener Sache.Large detailed tourist map of Nevada with cities and towns. x / 13,6 Mb Go to Map. Nevada county map. x / Kb Go to Map. Nevada road map. x / 1,91 Mb Go to Map. Map of Northern Nevada. x / 1,33 Mb Go to Map. Map of Southern Nevada. x / . At the end of World War I, Nevada and the small towns of Las Vegas and Reno permitted (and promoted) gambling, prostitution, and the sale of alcoholic vanessaconnection.com the Hoover Dam project began in , it brought thousands of workers to the state, and that spike in jobs and money brought more growth to those questionable industries, illegal in all other vanessaconnection.com: John Moen. Nevada (/ n ɪ ˈ v æ d ə /, Spanish:) is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th-most extensive, the 19th-least populous, but the 9th-least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark Area: , sq mi (, km²). NV Repository. Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county that decides to allow it. The team moved from San Antonio. Livescore Italia of Nevada, Las Vegas.